Comprehensive Eye Care

Our Comprehensive Eye Exams May Include the Following:

  1. Woman getting an eye examPreliminary testing will assess visual acuity, eye motility balance, pupillary response to light, quality of peripheral vision, and intraocular pressure.
  2. We manually assess refractive error with a phoropter. This enables us to diagnose astigmatism, nearsightedness, and farsightedness. Your feedback about what you see clearest will be helpful for us to make an accurate diagnosis and will determine an exact prescription to ensure your best visual potential.
  3. Eye health is thoroughly evaluated by your board-certified ophthalmologist with the use of dilating drops to detect or rule out eye disease.

Our findings will be discussed with you after the exam, including any treatment options or therapeutic advice that may benefit you. Please arrive with any questions or concerns regarding your eye health, and be sure to discuss them with your provider during your exam.”

Myopia (Nearsightedness)

Nearsighted individuals typically have problems seeing well at a distance and are forced to wear glasses or contact lenses. The nearsighted eye is usually longer than a normal eye, and its cornea may also be steeper. Therefore, when light passes through the cornea and lens, it is focused in front of the retina. This will make distant images appear blurred. There are several refractive surgery solutions available to correct nearly all levels of nearsightedness.

Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

Farsighted individuals typically develop problems reading up close before the age of 40. The farsighted eye is usually slightly shorter than a normal eye and may have a flatter cornea. Thus, the light of distant objects focuses behind the retina unless the natural lens can compensate fully. Near objects require even greater focusing power to be seen clearly and therefore, blur more easily.
Refractive Lens Exchange and Contact lenses are a few of the options available to correct farsightedness.


The asymmetric steepening of the cornea or natural lens causes light to be focused unevenly, which is the main optical problem in astigmatism. To individuals with uncorrected astigmatism, images may look blurry or shadowed. Astigmatism can accompany any form of refractive error and is very common. Astigmatism can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, corneal relaxing incisions, and special implant lenses.


Presbyopia is a condition that typically becomes noticeable for most people around age 45. In children and young adults, the lens inside the eye can easily focus on distant and near objects. With age, the lens loses its ability to focus adequately. Although presbyopia is not completely understood, it is thought that the lens and its supporting structures lose the ability to make the lens longer during close vision effort. To compensate, affected individuals usually find that holding reading material further away makes the image clearer. Ultimately, aids such as reading glasses are typically needed by the mid-forties. Besides glasses, presbyopia can be dealt with in a number of ways. Options include monovision and multifocal contact lenses and new presbyopia correcting implant lenses.

Diagram showing the difference between normal vision, myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism

Dilated Eye Exams

Read frequently asked questions about eye exams at Raleigh Ophthalmology!